In the Geopark Project some distinctive elements can be highlighted:
- Paleontological Heritage. The existence of dinosaur remains in the Tremp basin was notified for the first time in 1927 and since the 1980s, researchers at the ICP and the Museum of Isona i Conca Dellà have been excavating systematically in the area and have collaborated with other related areas, such as Haţeg Country Dinosaurs Geopark (Romania).
- Geological structure. Conca de Tremp and Montsec area is located along the ECORS-Pyrenees transect which represents a landmark in the understanding of mountain belts as for the first time a complete seismic image of an entire orogenic system was acquired at crustal scale.
- Sedimentology: there can be highlighted the Ilerdian Stage stratotype, international section pattern of a period of the Paleogene, synorogenic conglomerates and ancient tide-dominated delta
- Mining heritage. Mining had a local economic impact with the extraction of lime and cement from carbonate rocks (cement manufacturing plant of Pobla de Segur and Xerallo); coal mining (Conca Lignitífera Coll de Nargó), apart from metal mining. It is also worth mentioning the numerous plants using water resources for hydroelectric power, such as the Mining Heritage Site (LIPM) of the Vall Fosca or the hydroelectric power in Camarasa and the associated reservoirs.
- Hydrogeological Heritage. Apart from the water usage (Capdella was the first hydroelectric plant in Catalonia in 1914 which is now a museum), other hydrogeological sites must be included: the set of lakes in Basturs, which is associated with a karstic aquifer and their dome or crater morphology that has been recently studied due to their analogy with similar structures identified on Mars. Another peculiarity is the Estany of Montcortés (Montcortes Pond), whose origin is attributed to vertical fractures of lateral expansion called sakung.
- Soil heritage. Soils fulfil essential ecological functions and are linked to human activities but they are hardly ever represented in geoparks. Nevertheless, Conca de Tremp-Montsec Geopark Project does pay attention to the soil heritage as a non-renewable natural resource, which is key in the dynamics of ecosystems and landscape because of their ecological functions; support socioeconomic activities; it is cultural heritage, etc.